All About the Savannah

Description

Location

The savannah biome is on every continent apart from Antarctica. However, the savannah biome cover s up to 46% of Africa, where it is there most. The savannah can overlap other biomes.

Characteristics

There are not many trees in the savannah. There are two distinct seasons in the savannah biome–the wet season, full of rain, and the dry season, full of drought. Both seasons are very extensive. Another characteristic of the savannah biome is the soil. Scientists have found almost every type of soil in the world in the savannah.

Soil Conditions

The soil of the savannah can be (moderately) nutrient-rich or nutrient-poor depending on what savannah and the season. Generally, the soil is somewhat nutrient-rich given the fact that there are various amounts of soils there.

Climate Conditions

During the rainy season, the savannah biome can expect (at least) 15 inches of rain a month. The rainy season lasts from May to November. During the dry season, the savannah biome can expect (at least) 5 inches of rain a month. The dry season lasts from October to March in the southern hemisphere or from April to September in the northern hemisphere. The temperature of the savannah biome during the dry season can be up to 80 degrees Fahrenheit, while the temperature during wet season can be up to 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Most savannahs reach a total of (at least) 100 inches of rain yearly.

Below is a precipitation graph of a savannah.precipsouthafrica

Below is a temperature graph of a savannah.tempsouthafrica

Plants and Animals

1) Baobab

The baobab tree can grow to be 25 meters in height, and can live centuries. Nine years of the month, the baobab tree is completely leafless. This is for good reason; during rainy times, the baobab tree stores water in its large trunk. it’s leaflessness helps the baobab not have to use a lot of energy.

2) Jackalberry Tree

 The jackalberry tree can grow to be 80 feet tall. The bark of the jackalberry tree is dark brown but gradually gets greyer. The dark green leaves of the jackalberry tree are about 6 inches long with waxy edges. The jackalberry tree can produce flowers. The flowers of the jackalberry tree are very small and inconspicuous. When the jackalberry tree’s fruit is fully ripe the fruit turns purple. the jackalberry tree’s bark is very heavy. The jackalberry tree is in no danger of being extinct because they are not found in any other place but the savannah. 

3) Emu

The emu can grow to weigh at least 110 pounds. Emus usually mate in the spring, beginning when they are just over a year and half years old. The female Emu lays up to 20 eggs. The diet of the emu consists of fruits, flowers, caterpillars, and green vegetation.

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